तावान -प्रेमचंद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif is lekh ka punarikshan evn sampadan hona avashyak hai. ap isamen sahayata kar sakate hain. "sujhav"

chhakaudilal ne dukan kholi aur kapade ke thanon ko nikal-nikal rakhane laga ki ek mahila, do svaynsevakon ke sath usaki dukan chhekane a pahunchi. chhakaudi ke pran nikal gaye.

mahila ne tiraskar karake kaha- kyon lala tumane sil tod dali n ? achchhi bat hai, dekhen tum kaise ek girah kapada bhi bech lete ho! bhale adami, tumhen sharm nahin ati ki desh men yah sngram chhida hua hai aur tum vilayati kapada bech rahe ho, doob marana chahie. auraten tak gharon se nikal padi hain, phir bhi tumhen lajja nahin ati! tum jaise kayar desh men n hote to usaki yah adhogati n hoti!

chhakaudi ne vastav men kal kangres ki sil tod dali thi. yah tiraskar sunakar usane sir nicha kar liya. usake pas koee saphaee n thi; koee javab n tha. usaki dukan bahut chhoti thi. lehane par kapade lakar becha karata tha. yahi jivika thi, isi par vriddha mata, rogini stri aur panch bete-betiyon ka nirvah hota tha. jab svarajy-sngram chhida aur sabhi bajaj vilayati kapadon par muharen lagavane lage, to usane bhi muhar lagava li. das-panch than svadeshi kapadon ke udhar lakar dukan par rakh liye; par kapadon ka mel n tha; isalie bikri kam hoti thi. koee bhoola-bhataka gahak a jata, to rupaya-ath ane ki bikri ho jati. din bhar dukan men tapasya-si karake pahar rat ko ghar laut jata tha. grihasthi ka kharch is bikri men kya chalata. kuchh din karj-varj lekar kam chalaya, phir gahane bechane ki naubat ayi. yahan tak ki ab gharon men koee aisi chiz n bachi, jisase do-char mahine pet ka bhoot sir se tal jata. udhar stri ka rog asadhy hota jata tha. bina kisi kushal daktar ko dikhaye kam n chal sakata tha. isi chinta men doob-utara raha tha ki vilayati kapade ka ek gahak mil gaya, jo ekamusht das rupaye ka mal lena chahata tha. is pralobhan ko vah n rok saka.

stri ne suna, to kanon par hath rakhakar boli- main muhar todane ko kabhi n kahoongi. daktar to kuchh amrit pila n dega. tum nakkoo kyon bano. bachana hoga bach jaoongi, marana hoga mar jaoongi, beabaruee to n hogi. main jikar hi ghar ka kya upakar kar rahi hoon. aur sabako dik kar rahi hoon. desh ko svarajy mile log sukhi hon, bala se main mar jaoongi! hajaron adami jel ja rahe hain, kitane ghar tabah ho gaye, to kya sabase zyada pyari meri hi jan hai ?

par chhakaudi itana pakka n tha. apana bas chalate vah stri ko bhagy ke bharose n chhod sakata tha. usane chupake se muhar tod dali aur lagat ke damon das rupaye ke kapade bech liye.

ab daktar ko kaise le jay. stri se kya parada rakhata. usane jakar saph-saph sara vrittant kah sunaya aur daktar ko bulane chala.

stri ne usaka hath pakadakar kaha- mujhe daktar ki zaroorat nahin. agar tumane zid ki, to main dava ki taraph ankh bhi n uthaoongi.

chhakaudi aur usaki man ne rogini ko bahut samajhaya, par vah daktar ko bulane par raji n huee. chhakaudi ne dason rupaye uthakar ghar-kuiyan men phenk diye aur bina kuchh khaye-piye, kismat ko rota-jhinkata dukan par chala aya. usi vakt piket karane vale a pahunche aur use phatakarana shuroo kar diya. pados ke dukanadar ne kangres kameti men jakar chugali khaee thi.

2

chhakaudi ne mahila ke lie andar se lohe ki ek tooti, berng kurasi nikali aur lapakakar unake lie pan laya. jab vah pan khakar kurasi par baithin, to usane apane aparadh ke lie kshama mangi! bola bahanaji, beshak mujhase yah aparadh hua hai; lekin mainne majaboor hokar muhar todi. abaki mujhe muaphi dijie. phir aisi khata n hogi.

deshasevika ne thanedaron ke rob ke sath kaha- yon aparadh kshama nahin ho sakata. tumhen isaka tavan dena padega. tumane kangres ke sath vishvasaghat kiya hai aur isaka tumhen dnd milega. aj hi bayakat-kameti men yah mamala pesh hoga.

chhakaudi bahut hi vinit, bahut hi sahishnu tha; lekin chintagni men tapakar usaka hriday us dasha ko pahunch gaya tha, jab ek chot bhi chinagariyan paida karati hai. tinakakar bola- tavan to main n de sakata hoon, n doonga. han, dukan bhale hi bnd kar doon. aur dukan bhi kyon bnd karoon, apana mal hai, jis jagah chahoon, bech sakata hoon. abhi jakar thane men likha doon, to bayakat kameti ko bhagane ki rah n mile. jitana hi dabata hoon; utana hi ap log dabati hain.

mahila ne satyagrah-shakti ke pradarshan ka avasar pakar kaha- han, zaroor pulis men rapat karo. main to chahati hoon, tum rapat karo. tum un logon ko yah dhamaki de rahe ho, jo tumhare hi lie apane pranon ka balidan kar rahe hain. tum itane svarthandh ho ki apane svarth ke lie desh ka anahit karate tumhen lajja nahin ati ? us par mujhe pulis ki dhamaki dete ho! bayakat-kameti jay ya rahe; par tumhen tavan dena padega; anyatha dukan bnd karani padegi.

yah kahate-kahate mahila ka chehara garv se tejavan ho gaya. kee adami jama ho gaye aur sab-ke-sab chhakaudi ko bura-bhala kahane lage. chhakaudi ko bhi maloom ho gaya ki pulis ki dhamaki dekar usane bahut bada avivek kiya hai. lajja aur apaman se usaki garadan jhuk gayi aur munh jara-sa nikal aya. phir usane garadan nahin uthaee.

sara din gujar gaya aur dhole ki bikri n huee. akhir harakar usane dukan bnd kar di aur ghar chala aya.

doosare din prat:kal bayakat-kameti ne ek svaynsevak dvara use soochana de di ki kameti ne use 101/- ka dnd diya hai.

3

chhakaudi itana janata tha ki kangres ki shakti ke samane vah sarvatha ashakt hai. usaki jaban se jo dhamaki nikal gayi, us par use ghor pashchattap hua; lekin tir kaman se nikal chuka tha. dukan kholana vyarth tha. vah janata tha, usaki dhele ki bhi bikri n hogi. 101/- dena usake boote se bahar ki bat thi! do-tin din chupachap baitha raha. ek din rat ko dukan kholakar sari ganthen ghar utha laya aur chupake-chupake bechane laga. paise ki chiz dhele men luta raha tha aur vah bhi udhar! jine ke lie kuchh adhar to chahie!

magar usaki yah chal bhi kangres se chhipi n rahi. chauthe hi din goindon ne kangres ko khabar pahuncha di. usi din tisare pahar chhakaudi ke ghar ki piketing shuroo ho gayi. abaki sirph piketing shuroo n thi, syapa bhi tha. panch-chh: svaynsevikaen aur itane hi svaynsevak dvar par syapa karane lage.

chhakaudi angan men sir jhukaye khada tha. kuchh akl kam n karati thi, is vipatti ko kaise tale. rogini stri sayaban men leti huee thi, vriddha mata usake sirahane baithi pnkha jhal rahi thi aur bachche bahar syape ka annd utha rahe the.

stri ne kaha- in sabase poochhate nahin, khayen kya ?

chhakaudi bola- kisase poochhoon, jab koee sune bhi!

'jakar kangresavalon se kaho, hamare lie kuchh intajam kar den, ham abhi kapade ko jala denge. zyada nahin, 25/- mahina de den.'

'vahan bhi koee n sunega.'

'tum jaoge bhi, ya yahin se qanoon bagharane lage ?'

'kya jaoon, ulate aur log hnsi udayenge. yahan to jisane dukan kholi, use duniya lakhapati hi samajhane lagati hai.'

'to khade-khade ye galiyan sunate rahoge ?'

'tumhare kahane se chala jaoon; magar vahan thitholi ke siva aur kuchh n hoga.'

'han, mere kahane se jao. jab koee n sunega, to ham bhi koee aur rah nikalenge.'

chhakaudi ne munh latakaye kurata pahana aur is tarah kangres-daftar chala, jaise koee maranasann rogi ko dekhane ke lie vaidy ko bulane jata hai.

4

kangres-kameti ke pradhan ne parichay ke bad poochha- tumhare hi oopar to bayakat-kameti ne 101/- ka tavan lagaya hai ?'

'ji han!'

'to rupaya kab doge ?'

'mujhamen tavan dene ki samarthy nahin hai. apase main saty kahata hoon, mere ghar men do din se choolha nahin jala. ghar ki jo jama-jatha thi, vah sab bechakar kha gaya. ab apane tavan laga diya, dukan bnd karani padi. ghar par kuchh mal bechane laga. vahan syapa baith gaya. agar apaki yahi ichchha ho ki ham sab dane bagair mar jayn, to mar daliye, aur mujhe kuchh nahin kahana hai.'

chhakaudi jo bat kahane ghar se chala tha, vah usake munh se n nikali. usane dekh liya ki yahan koee us par vichar karane vala nahin hai.

pradhan ji ne gambhir bhav se kah- tavan to dena hi padega. agar tumhen chhod doon, to isi tarah aur log bhi karenge. phir vilayati kapade ki rokatham kaise hogi ?

'main apase jo kah raha hoon, us par apako vishvas nahin ata ?'

'main janata hoon, tum maladar adami ho.'

'mere ghar ki talashi le lijie.'

'main in chakamon men nahin ata.'

chhakaudi ne uddnd hokar kaha- to yah kahie ki ap desh-seva nahin kar rahe hain, garibon ka khoon choos rahe hain! pulisavale qanooni pahaloo se lete hain, ap gairakanooni pahaloo se lete hain. natija ek hai. ap bhi apaman karate hain, vah bhi apaman karate hain. main kasam kha raha hoon ki mere ghar men khane ke lie dana nahin hai, meri stri khat par padi-padi mar rahi hai. phir bhi apako vishvas nahin ata. ap mujhe kangres ka kam karane ke lie naukar rakh lijie. 25/- mahine dijiega. isase zyada apani garibi ka aur kya praman doon. agar mera kam sntosh ke layaq n ho, to ek mahine ke bad mujhe nikal dijiega. yah samajh lijie ki jab main apaki gulami karane ko taiyar hua hoon, to isilie ki mujhe doosara koee adhar nahin hai. ham vyapari log; apana bas chalate, kisi ki chakari nahin karate. jamana bigada hua hai, nahin 101/- ke lie itana hath-panv n jodata.

pradhan ji hnsakar bole- yah to tumane nayi chal chali!

'chal nahin chal raha hoon, apani vipatti-katha kah raha hoon.'

'kangres ke pas itane rupaye nahin hain ki vah moton ko khilati phire.'

'ab bhi ap mujhe mota kahe jayenge ?'

'tum mote ho hi!'

'mujh par jara bhi daya n kijiega ?'

pradhan zyada gaharaee se bole- chhakaudilalaji, mujhe pahale to isaka vishvas nahin ata ki apaki halat itani kharab hai aur agar vishvas a bhi jay, to bhi main kuchh kar nahin sakata. itane mahanh andolan men kitane hi ghar tabah hue aur honge. ham log sabhi tabah ho rahe hain. ap samajhate hain; hamare sir kitani badi zimmedari hai. apaka tavan muaph kar diya jay, to kal hi apake bisiyon bhaee apani muharen tod dalenge aur ham unhen kisi tarah kayal n kar sakenge. ap garib hain, lekin apake sabhi bhaee to garib nahin hain. tab to sabhi apani garibi ke praman dene lagenge. main kis-kis ki talashi leta phiroonga. isalie jaie, kisi tarah rupaye ka prabndh kijie aur dukan kholakar karabar kijie. eeshvar chahega, to vah din bhi ayega jab apaka nukasan poora hoga.

5

chhakaudi ghar pahuncha to andhera ho gaya tha. abhi tak usake dvar par syapa ho raha tha. ghar men jakar stri se bola akhir vahi hua, jo main kahata tha. pradhanaji ko meri baton par vishvas hi nahin aya.

stri ka murajhaya hua badan uttejit ho utha. uth khadi huee aur boli- achchhi bat hai, ham unhen vishvas dila denge. main ab kangres daftar ke samane hi maroongi. mere bachche usi daftar ke samane vikal ho-hokar tadapenge. kangres hamare sath satyagrah karati hai, to ham bhi usake sath satyagrah karake dikha den. main isi mari huee dasha men bhi kangres ko tod daloongi. jo abhi itane nirdayi hain, vah kuchh adhikar ho jane par nyay karenge ? ek ikka bula lo, khat ki zaroorat nahin. vahin sadak kinare meri jan nikalegi. janata hi ke bal par to vah kood rahe hain. main dikha doongi, janata tumhare sath nahin, mere sath hai.

is agnikund ke samane chhakaudi ki garmi shant ho gayi. kangres ke sath is roop men satyagrah karane ki kalpana hi se vah kanp utha. sare shahar men halachal pad jayegi. hajaron adami akar yah dasha dekhenge. sambhav hai, koee hngama hi ho jay. yah sabhi baten itani bhaynkar thin ki chhakaudi ka man katar ho gaya. usane stri ko shant karane ki cheshta karate hue kaha, is tarah chalana uchit nahin hai anbe! main ek bar pradhan ji se phir miloonga. ab rat huee, syapa bhi bnd ho jayaga. kal dekhi jayegi. abhi to tumane pathy bhi nahin liya. pradhanaji bechare bade asamnjas men pade hue hain. kahate hain, agar apake sath riyayat karoon, to phir koee shasan hi n rah jayaga. mote-mote adami bhi muharen tod dalenge aur jab kuchh kaha, jayaga, to apaki najir pesh kar denge.

anba ek kshan anishchit dasha men khadi chhakaudi ka munh dekhati rahi, phir dhire se khat par baith gayi. usaki uttejana gahare vichar men lin ho gayi. kangres ki aur apani zimmedari ka khayal a gaya. pradhan ji ke kathan men kitana saty tha; yah usase chhipa n raha.

usane chhakaudi se kaha- tumane akar yah bat n kahi thi.

chhakaudi bola- us vakt mujhe isaki yad n thi.

'yah pradhan ji ne kaha hai, ya tum apani taraph se mila rahe ho ?'

'nahin, unhonne khud kaha, main apani taraph se kyon milata ?'

'bat to unhonne thik hi kahi!'

'ham to mit jayenge!'

'ham to yon hi mite hue hain!'

'rupaye kahan se avenge. bhojan ke lie to thikana hi nahin, dnd kahan se den ?'

'aur kuchh nahin hai; ghar to hai. ise rehan rakh do. aur ab vilayati kapade bhoolakar bhi n bechana. sad jayen, koee paravah nahin. tumane sil todakar yah aphat sir li. meri dava-daroo ki chinta n karo. eeshvar ki jo ichchha hogi, vah hoga. bal-bachche bhookhon marate hain, marane do. desh men karodon adami aise hain, jinaki dasha hamari dasha se bhi kharab hai. ham n rahenge, desh to sukhi hoga.'

chhakaudi janata tha, anba jo kahati hai, vah karake rahati hai, koee ujr nahin sunati. vah sir jhukaye, anba par jhunjhalata hua ghar se nikalakar mahajan ke ghar ki or chala.

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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