स्वत्व-रक्षा -प्रेमचंद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif is lekh ka punarikshan evn sampadan hona avashyak hai. ap isamen sahayata kar sakate hain. "sujhav"

mir dilavar ali ke pas ek badi ras ka kummait ghoda tha. kahate to vah yahi the ki mainne apani zindagi ki adhi kamaee is par kharch ki hai, par vastav men unhonne ise palatan se saste damon mol liya tha. yon kahie ki yah palatan ka nikala hua ghoda tha. shayad palatan ke adhikariyon ne ise apane yahan rakhana uchit n samajh kar nilam kar diya tha. mir sahab kachahari men moharrir the. shahar ke bahar makan tha. kachahari tak ane men tin mil ki mnzil tay karani padati thi, ek janavar ki fikr thi. yah ghoda subhite se mil gaya, le liya. pichhale tin varshon se vah mir sahab ki hi savari men tha. dekhane men to usamen koee aib n tha, par kadachith atm-samman ki matr adhik thi. use usaki ichchha ke viruddh ya apamanasoochak kam men lagana dustar tha. khair, mir sahab ne saste damon men kalan ras ka ghoda paya, to phoole n samaye. la kar dvar par bandh diya. saees ka intajam karana kathin tha. bechare khud hi sham-sabere us par do-char hath pher lete the. shayad ghoda is samman se prasann hota tha. isi karan ratib ki matr bahut kam hone par bhi vah asntusht nahin jan padata tha. use mir sahab se kuchh sahanubhooti ho gayi thi. is svamibhakti men usaka sharir bahut kshin ho chuka tha; par vah mir sahab ko niyat samay par prasannatapoorvak kachahari pahuncha diya karata tha. usaki chal usake atmik sntosh ki dyotak thi. daudana vah apani svabhavik gambhirata ke pratikool samajhata tha. usaki drishti men uchchhrinkhalata thi. svamibhakti men usane apane kitane hi chir-snchit svatvon ka balidan kar diya tha. ab agar kisi svatv se prem tha to vah ravivar ka shantinivas tha. mir sahab itavar ko kachahari n jate the. ghode ko malate, nahalate, tairate the. isamen use hardik annd prapt hota tha. vahan kachahari men ped ke niche bndhe hue sookhi ghas par munh marana padata tha, loo se sara sharir jhulas jata tha; kahan is din chhapparon ki shital chhanh men hari-hari doob khane ko milati thi. atev itavar ko aram vah apana hak samajhata tha aur mumakin n tha ki koee usaka yah hak chhin sake. mir sahab ne kabhi-kabhi bazar jane ke lie is din us par savar hone ki cheshta ki, par is udyog men buri tarah munh ki khayi. ghode ne munh men lagam tak n li. ant ko mir sahab ne apani har svikar kar li. vah usake atm-samman ko aghat pahuncha kar apane avayavon ko pariksha men n dalana chahate the.

mir sahab ke pados men ek munshi saudagaralal rahate the. unaka bhi kachahari se kuchh sambandh tha. vah muharrir n the, karmachari bhi n the. unhen kisi ne kabhi kuchh likhate-padhate n dekha tha. par unaka vakilon aur mukhtaron ke samaj men bada man tha. mir sahab se unaki dant-kati roti thi.

jeth ka mahina tha. baraton ki dhoom thi. bajevale sidhe munh bat n karate the. atishabaj ke dvar par garaj ke bavale log charkhi ki bhanti chakkar lagate the. bhand aur kathak logon ko ungaliyon par nachate the. palaki ke kahar patthar ke devata bane hue the, bhent le kar bhi n pasijate the. isi sahalogon ki dhoom men munshiji ne bhi ladake ka vivah than diya. dabavavale adami the. dhire-dhire barat ka sab saman juta to liya, par palaki ka prabndh n kar sake. kaharon ne ain vakt par bayana lauta diya. munshi ji bahut garam pade, harajane ki dhamaki di, par kuchh phal n hua. vivash hokar yahi nishchay kiya ki var ko ghode par bitha kar var-yatr ki rasm poori kar li jay. chhah baje sham ko barat chalane ka muhoort tha. char baje munshi ne a kar mir sahab se kaha- yar apana ghoda de do, var ko steshan tak pahuncha den. palaki to kahin milati nahin.

mirasahab- apako maloom nahin, aj itavar ka din hai.

munshi ji- maloom kyon nahin hai, par akhir ghoda hi to thahara. kisi n kisi tarah steshan tak pahuncha hi dega. kaun door jana hai ?

mirasahab- yon apaka janavar hai, le jaie. par mujhe ummid nahin ki aj vah putthe par hath tak rakhane de.

munshi ji- aji mar ke age bhoot bhagata hai. ap darate hain. isalie ap se badamashi karata hai. bachcha pith par baith jaynge to kitana hi uchhale-koode par unhen hila n sakega.

mirasahab- achchhi bat hai, jaie. aur agar usaki yah zid ap logon ne tod di, to main apaka bada ehasan manoonga.

magar jyon hi munshi ji astabal men pahunche, ghode ne shashnk netron se dekha aur ek bar hinahina kar ghoshit kiya ki tum aj meri shanti men vighn dalane vale kaun hote ho. baje ki dhad-dhad, pon-pon se vah uttejit ho raha tha. munshi ji ne jab pagahe ko kholana shuroo kiya to usane kanautiyan khadi kin aur abhimanasoochak bhav se hari-hari ghas khane laga.

lekin munshi ji bhi chatur khiladi the. turnt ghar se thoda-sa dana mngavaya aur ghode ke samane rakh diya. ghode ne idhar bahut dinon se dane ki soorat n dekhi thi ! badi ruchi se khane laga aur tab kritgy netron se munshi ji ki or taka, mano anumati di ki mujhe apake sath chalane men koee apatti nahin hai.

munshi ji ke dvar par baje baj rahe the. var vastrabhooshan pahane hue ghode ki pratiksha kar raha tha. muhalle ki striyan use vida karane ke lie arati liye khadi thin. panch baj gaye the. sahasa munshi ji ghoda late hue dikhayi diye. bajevalon ne age ki taraph qadam badhaya. ek adami mir sahab ke ghar se daud kar saj laya.

ghode ko khinchane ki thahari, magar vah lagam dekh kar munh pher leta tha. munshi ji ne chumakara-puchakara, pith sahalayi, phir dana dikhalaya. par ghode ne munh tak n khola, tab unhen krodh a gaya. tabadatod kee chabuk lagaye. ghode ne jab ab bhi munh men lagam n li, to unhonne usake nathanon par chabuk ke bent se kee bar mara. nathanon se khoon nikalane laga. ghode ne idhar-udhar din aur vivash ankhon se dekha. samasya kathin thi. itani mar usane kabhi n khayi thi. mir sahab ki apani chiz thi. yah itani nirdayata se kabhi n pesh ate the. socha munh nahin kholata to nahin maloom aur kitani mar pade. lagam le li. phir kya tha, munshi ji ki fatah ho gayi. unhonne turnt jin bhi kas di. doolha kood kar ghode par savar ho gaya.

jab var ne ghode ki pith par asan jama liya, to ghoda mano nind se jaga. vichar karane laga, thode-se dane ke badale apane is svatv se hath dhona ek katore kadhi ke lie apane janmasiddh adhikaron ko bechana hai. use yad aya ki main kitane dinon se aj ke din aram karata raha hoon, to aj kyon yah begar karoon ? ye log mujhe n jane kahan le jaynge, launda asan ka pakka jan padata hai, mujhe daudayega, end lagayega, chabuk se mar-mar kar adhamuna kar dega, phir n jane bhojan mile ya nahin. yah soch-vichar kar usane nishchay kiya ki main yahan se qadam n uthaoonga. yahi n hoga marenge, savar ko liye hue zamin par lot jaoonga. ap hi chhod denge. mere malik mir sahab bhi to yahin kahin honge. unhen mujh par itani mar padati kabhi pasnd n ayegi ki kal unhen kachahari bhi n le ja sakoon.

var jyon hi ghode par savar hua striyon ne mngalagan kiya, phoolon ki varsha huee. barat ke log age badhe. magar ghoda aisa ada ki pair hi nahin uthata. var use end lagata hai, chabuk marata hai, lagam ko jhatake deta hai, magar ghode ke qadam manon zamin men aise gad gaye hain ki ukhadane ka nam nahin lete.

munshi ji ko aisa krodh ata tha ki apana janavar hota to goli mar dete. mitr ne kaha adiyal janavar hai, yon n chalega. isake pichhe se dnde lagao, ap daudega.

munshi ji ne yah prastav svikar kar liya. pichhe se jakar kee dnde lagaye, par ghode ne pair n uthaye, uthaye to bhi agale pair, aur akash ki or. do-ek bar pichhale pair bhi, jisase vidit hota tha ki vah bilakul pranahin nahin hai. munshi ji bal-bal bach gaye.

tab doosare mitr ne kaha isaki poonchh ke pas ek jalata hua kunda jalao, anch ke dar se bhagega.

yah prastav bhi svikrit hua. phal yah hua ki ghode ki poonchh jal gayi. vah do-tin bar uchhala-kooda par age n badha. pakka satyagrahi tha, kadachith in yntranaon ne usake snkalp ko aur bhi dridh kar diya.

itane men sooryast hone laga. pndit ji ne kaha ‘jaldi kijie nahin to muhoort tal jayaga.’ lekin apane vash ki bat to thi nahin. jaldi kaise hoti. barati log ganv ke bahar ja pahunche. yahan striyon aur balakon ka mela lag gaya. log kahane lage, ‘kaisa ghoda hai ki pag hi nahin uthata.’ ek anubhavi mahashay ne kaha ‘mar-pit se kam n chalega. thoda-sa dana mngavaie. ek adami isake samane tobade men dana dikhata hua chale. dane ke lalach se khat-khat chala jayaga.’ munshi ji ne yah upay bhi karake dekha par saphal manorath ne hue. ghoda apane svatv ko kisi dam par bechana n chahata tha. ek mahashay ne kaha ‘ise thodi-si sharab pila dijie, nashe men a kar khoob chaukadiyan bharane lagega.’ sharab ki botal ayi. ek tasale men sharab undel kar ghode ke samane rakhi gayi, par usane soonghi tak nahin.

ab kya ho ? chirag jal gaye muhoort tal chuka tha. ghoda yah nana durgatiyan sah kar dil men khush hota tha aur apane sukh men vighn dalanevale ki duravastha aur vyagrata ka annd utha raha tha. use is samay in logon ki prayatnashilata par ek darshanik annd prapt ho raha tha. dekhen ap log ab kya karate hain. vah janata tha ki ab mar khane ki sambhavana nahin hai. log jan gaye ki marana vyarth hai. vah keval apani suyuktiyon ki vivechana kar raha tha.

panchaven sajjan ne kaha ab ek hi tarakib aur hai. vah jo khet men khad phenkane ki do-pahiya gadi hoti hai, use ghode ke samane la kar rakhiye. isake donon agale pair usamen rakh diye jayn aur ham log gadi ko khinchen. tab to zaroor hi usake pair uth jayenge. agale pair age badhe to pichhale pair bhi jhakh mar kar uthenge hi. ghoda chal nikalega.

munshi ji doob rahe the. koee tinaka sahare ke lie kafi tha. do adami gaye. do-pahiya gadi nikal laye. var ne lagam tani. char-panch adami ghode ke pas dnde le kar khade ho gaye. do adamiyon ne usake agale panv jabaradasti uthakar gadi par rakkhe. ghoda abhi tak yah samajh raha tha ki main yah upay bhi n chalane doonga, lekin jab gadi chali, to usake pichhale pair ap hi ap uth gaye. use aisa jan pada, mano pani men baha ja raha hoon. kitana hi chahata tha ki pairon ko jama loon par kuchh akl kam n karati thi. charon or shor macha ‘chala-chala.’ taliyan padane lagin ! log thatthe mar-mar hnsane lage. ghode ko yah upahas aur yah apaman asahy tha, par karata kya ? han, usane dhairy n chhoda. man men socha is tarah kahan tak le jayenge. jyon hi gadi rukegi main bhi ruk jaoonga. mujhase badi bhool huee, mujhe gadi par pair hi n rakhana chahie tha.

ant men vahi hua jo usane socha tha. kisi tarah logon ne sau qadam tak gadi khinchi, age n khinch sake. sau-do-sau qadam hi khinchana hota, to shayad logon ki himmat bndh jati par steshan poore tin mil par tha. itani door ghode ko khinch le jana dustar tha. jyon hi gadi ruki ghoda bhi ruk gaya ! var ne phir lagam ko jhatake diye, end lagayi. chabukon ki varsha kar di, par ghode ne apani tek n chhodi. usake nathanon se khoon nikal raha tha, chabukon se sara sharir chhil gaya tha, pichhale pairon men ghav ho gaye the, par vah dridh-pratigy ghoda apani an par ada hua tha.

purohit ne kaha ‘ath baj gaye. muhoort tal gaya.’ din-durbal ghode ne maidan mar liya. munshi ji krodhonmatt hokar ro pade. var ek qadam bhi paidal nahin chal sakata. vivah ke avasar par bhoomi par panv rakhana varjit hai, pratishtha bhng hoti hai, ninda hoti hai, kul ko kalnk lagata hai par ab paidal chalane ke sivay any upay n tha. a kar ghode ke samane khade ho ge aur kunthit svar se bole mahashay, apana bhagy bakhano ki mir sahab ke ghar ho. yadi main tumhara malik hota to tumhari haddi-pasali ka pata n lagata. isake sath hi mujhe aj maloom hua ki pashu bhi apane svatv ki raksha kis prakar kar sakata hai. main n janata tha, tum vratadhari ho. beta, utaro, barat steshan pahunch rahi hogi. chalo paidal hi chalen. ham apas hi ke das-barah adami hain, hnsane vala koee nahin. ye rngin kapade utar do. raste men log hnsenge ki panv-panv byah karane jata hai. chal be adiyal ghode, tujhe mir sahab ke havale kar aoon.

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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